Dispilio Lakeside Neolithic Settlement
The prehistoric settlement of Dispilio is located on the island of Nisi, on the south bank of Lake Kastoria and 7 km from the city of Kastoria. Here is excavated a lake settlement of the Modern Neolithic Period, which developed around the Lake, from the middle of the 6th to the middle of the 4th millennium BC. It was in 1932, when the level of the Lake went down, and at the point where the Island separated from the shore of the Lake, there were remnants of wooden stakes.
With the creation of the Museum in the village of Dispilio, which has been part of the "Life" program since 1966, and has been in operation since 2000, a faithful representation of the settlement was attempted, which enables the visitor to better approach the way of life of the inhabitants. In the landscaped area there are 8 huts on piled platforms, made in life size and materials similar to the originals. Tree trunks were used for the frame, thin branches braided with rope for the walls, mud from the Lake for plaster and straw for the roofs.
Inside these dwellings of the Neolithic people of the Lake, there are objects of daily use. Clay pots, such as bottles, cups, fruit bowls and pots, flint or bone tools, baskets and a small fireplace, give a clear picture of the life and activities of the inhabitants.
Among the great objects discovered by archaeologists are bone flutes that testify that prehistoric man knew music and a wooden sign with engraved linear elements, which is certainly dated to 5260 BC. and it is not excluded that it is an early form of written speech.
In the lakeside settlement of Dispilio it is estimated that about 3,000 people lived in a well-organized society. They stored their food, had pets, fished and made tools and everyday items, knew music and writing.