Ano Syros was founded in 1200 by the Venetians and continued to be inhabited throughout the course of history. Built amphitheatrically on the hill where the famous church of Agios Georgios (San Georges) is, it retains all its medieval charming atmosphere. Narrow streets, arches, and whitewashed houses with colorful doors make Ano Syros one of the most picturesque settlements on the island.At the top of the settlement is the Catholic Diocese of San George. In Ano Syros there is no central square and the meeting point is the main street "Piatsa". The ancient philosopher Ferekidis was born and lived here.
Ano Syros is the medieval settlement of Syros. It was built during later Byzantine era or early Frankokratia. It is a classical cycladic medieval settlement that is densely built with narrow roads, circular order and a radial street plan. The overall effect reminds a fortified citadel. Ano Syros is inhabited by Catholic Greeks. The reason for it is the long period of Frankokratia in Syros that started immediately after the fourth crusade. Frankokratia ended during 16th century but the Catholics of Syros came under France protection and the Catholic religion survived in the island. After founding of nearby Hermoupolis, Ano Syros ceased to be the administrative centre of Syros. Nevertheless, the settlement remained a religious centre since it is the seat of Roman Catholic Diocese of Syros and Milos.
The Museum of Markos Vamvakaris, the exhibition of traditional professions and tools, many churches and busts of well-known and historical personalities are some of the many that you will encounter in your wandering through the narrow alleys of Ano Syros. Ano Syros is approximately 3.5 km from the port of Ermoupolis. With your car you will reach some of the entrances of the settlement (Kamara or Epano Terma) and from there you will start the walk.