Palaiochora of Ithaki
The ruins of the Medieval Settlement of Palaiochora are on the slope opposite the picturesque village of Perachori. The churches and houses that remain today, allow the visitor to envision Palaiochora as it once was in its glory. When the settlement was under attack, the houses were used as forts and were built with architectural design for defense, that is, with small narrow windows (embrasures) and no balconies. The location of Palaiochora was very carefully chosen with a clear view of the Ionian Sea, so any enemy ship entering the harbour would be immediately visible. The three churches we find in Palaiochora are all monuments of Byzantine art and have been classified as historical monuments. They are as follows : Firstly, the Dormition of Virgin Mary or Palea Panagia. Secondly, the chapel of Virgin Mary or Maroulatiki which was restored in 1970 and village residents have maintained ever since. A service is held annually on the 21st November (have been classified as historical monuments according to Government Gazette 892/Β/20-12-1984). Lastly, the church of Agios Ioannis, with its tall stone steeple (it has been declared a historical monument according to Government Gazette 665/B/9-9-1988). Palea Panagia and Agios Ioannis have both been restored by specialists and all three churches are considered to have priceless murals. To get to Palaiochora is easy as a pathway exists which leads among the ruins.