Nafplio or Anapli, the capital of the prefecture of Argolis, is one of the most famous and beautiful cities in Greece, being both an administrative and an important tourist center, with constant traffic throughout the year.
It was the first capital of the newly formed Greek state from 1823 to 1834 and was built according to mythology by Nafplio, son of Poseidon and Danaida Anymoni.
However, a reference point of Nafplio is the fortress of Bourtzi built on the island of Agios Theodoros. In the past, during the Venetian period, it was connected to Acronafplia with a huge chain that blocked the entrance of the port, offering protection to the city from enemy ships. In the early 1860s, Bourtzi was the residence of executioners who executed Palamidi's death row inmates.
In places of historical memory, 999 steps lead to the Castle of Palamidi which raises its imposing height of 216 meters above the city. Deeply marked historically, the place of death sentence of Chief Theodoros Kolokotronis in one of his dark cells, seems to protect the city even today.
The historic church of Agios Andreas, built on the top of the fortress by the Venetian conquerors, offers the best view of the entire Argolic Sea and the Mycenaean plain. On the outskirts of Palamidi, the rocky peninsula of Akronafplia stretches. Inhabited by prehistoric times, it consists of three levels of soil on which a system of three independent castles is developed, the oldest being the western one, where in ancient times the acropolis was fortified with a polygonal cyclopean wall.
The Old Town awe the visitor with the seductive charm of the cobbled alleys, the courtyards of the elegant neoclassical and well-preserved mansions and the Turkish fountains. In the heart of Nafplio we are greeted by Syntagma Square full of monuments and historic buildings, the Archaeological Museum with exhibits of rare value of the Prehistoric and Mycenaean period and the Municipal Gallery.
Very close, in the direction of the modern city, is the church of Agios Spyridon, a well-known spot from the assassination of the first governor of Greece Ioannis Kapodistrias, as well as the church of Agios Georgios with important icons and frescoes, such as the copy of the "Secret Supper" »By Leonardo da Vinci.
Finally, two Turkish mosques stand out, where in one, which now functions as a cinema, the first Mutual School was housed, while in the other the First Greek Parliament met.